Multiple Low-Cost Countermeasures Available to Attackers to Defeat Missile Defense
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Among the measures the attacker can take to confuse the defense and render it ineff ective are reduction or elimination of the radar refl ections from the warhead by covering the warhead nose with a pointy metallic sleeve and by covering other parts of the warhead with radar absorbent material. Moreover, by scarring the surface of the warhead with wires, it would be possible to create additional refl ections in order to confuse the radars. Decoys could also be deployed that would appear to the kill vehicle's infrared homing sensor as credible targets, thereby making the task of target discrimination extremely diffi cult. Balloons or mock warheads could serve as decoys. Countermeasures of this kind will be readily available to any adversary capable of building, deploying, and operating an IRBM or ICBM.