Studies and simulations have shown that an attack on Iran's nuclear facilities would draw U.S. into wider war
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In March 2012, The New York Time reported that a simulation of an Israeli military strike against Iran’s nuclear infrastructure had predicted that an attack would lead to a wider regional war that could draw the Unites States in and leave hundreds of American soldiers dead.185 Earlier that same month, Meier Dagan, former head of the Mossad, warned that an Israel attack on Iran would “ignite a regional war,” which he predicted would end in the death of Israeli citizens.186 Dagan called the idea of attacking Iran the “stupidest thing ever.” Similar predictions have come from the Persian Gulf states. In his 2007 study “The Implications on Gulf States of Any American Military Operation against Iran,” Colonel Salem al Jaber warned that Iran would respond to military strikes attacking “all U.S. allies in the region, especially the Gulf states.”187 Jaber also cautioned that Iran would also likely launch missile strikes on American bases in the Gulf, which include locations in Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and The United Arab Emirates.
Regardless of whether the U.S. or Israel initiates a strike against Iran, Iran is likely to strike back against Israel as well as escalating its overseas operations against U.S. and western interests which will only escalate the conflict to a broader regional war.