Attempting to negotiate with Tehran would undermine NPT
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As for negotiating directly with Tehran to limit its declared nuclear program -- an approach preferred by most of America's European allies -- this too seems self-defeating. First, any deal the Iranian regime would agree to would validate the claim that the NPT legally allows its members to acquire all the capabilities Iran possesses. In other words, working supposedly within the terms of the NPT, any state can get as far along as Tehran is now. Second, it would foster the view internationally that the only risk in violating required NPT inspections would be getting caught at it -- and that the consequence of getting caught would amount to being bribed to limit only those activities the inspectors managed to discover.
Acquiescing to the Iranian nuclear deal would reverse the decades long U.S. nonproliferation strategy of attempting to limit the spread of sensitive nuclear technology by allowing Iran to retain the ability to enrich uranium. The likely consequence of the completion of the deal is that other countries will demand the same capability, including Saudi Arabia.